Bridal jewellery shopping, as easy as it might seem isn't a cakewalk and is one aspect of wedding shopping that deserves the most of your attention. There's no match for the oomph and the opulence that your bridal jewellery adds, further elevating your bridal look. Not to forget, your bridal jewellery's prowess to enhance your bridal outfit and bridal hairstyles by multi-folds.
The baubles you choose to wear and how you choose to wear them is a tricky task for which you ought to have full knowledge of the varied types of Indian bridal jewellery. Knowing your jewellery would not only help you in making up perfect jewellery combinations but also help you in choosing between an all decked up look and a subtle minimalistic look.
So before you head out for your bridal jewellery shopping check out these 5 basic and ever green types of Indian bridal jewellery that as a bride-to-be you MUST know about!
The craft of embedding precious and semi-precious gemstones into a base mould made of thin sheets of gold which is then heated and later cooled down sums up the art of a Jadau jewellery. This Mughal originated jewellery making technique requires artisans to have great skill and years of practice so that the finesse of a Jadau piece is not compromised with. No wonder Jadau jewellery is a perfect example of extremely skilled craftsmanship. The use of stones like kundan, polki, emeralds, rubies etc., in a Jadau piece might get you confused. The best way to figure it out is to observe a Jadau piece carefully. You'll notice that these stones are perfectly embedded into their gold moulds which basically differentiates them from other techniques of jewellery. To put it short, Jadau is a technique that is used in making kundan, polki or other gemstone jewellery.
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Polki Jewellery is made up of raw, unfinished and uncut diamonds (called polki stones) set in a gold setting. Because they are in their natural form they tend to shine brighter and exhibit more luster. With a painted gold foil at the back to place the diamonds in between, the Polkis or uncut diamonds are held in place by these gold sheets creating a bezel or a mould for the stone to sit in. This further adds the luminescence and light to the Polki stones. It is their raw quality and extra shine that makes them an expensive purchase! The regal and royal air around the polki jewellery pieces makes it all the more obvious as to why it originated in the Mughal era!
Much like Polki, Kundan uses the same technique of gold foils being pressed to make bezels that would hold the stones. But what sets them apart is the fact that while Polkis are raw uncut diamond, Kundan jewellery uses glass and not diamonds. While uncut diamonds are used in the gold framework in Polki jewellery, glass along with other gemstones is laid upon the framework, the edges of which are then polished for a neat look. Also, the back side of a kundan stone is enameled in different colors which makes it all the more beautiful and topping the bridal ornaments lists!
Meenakari or the art of enameling is basically the technique of filling in the jewellery moulds with colored enamel. These moulds are generally designed around the figures of gods, goddesses, birds or animals, and plants and filled with color combinations accordingly. These timeless jewellery pieces are highly favored by brides for the exquisite colorul grace they add to their look. Meenakari is usually combined with kundan jewellery and jadau techniques. Famous amongst the Rajasthan royalties is the old times. Meenakari pieces are still in vogue and a must have in a bride's trousseau.
What originated as jewellery pieces to adorn the idols of gods and goddesses with, quite gracefully paved their way into bridal jewellery and we couldn't be happier. Though Temple jewellery makes up for quite a valuable and precious part of the South Indian culture, it is unmissably favored by other brides as well. Created in pure gold or other pure metals with semi-precious & precious gemstones encrusted, Temple jewellery visibly stands out from the rest. The motif designs are usually that of gods, goddesses, lotuses, swans, royal figurines etc., making these jewellery pieces more aesthetically traditional & culturally exquisite.